Solar panels absorb energy from sunlight and convert that energy into electricity. The electricity then flows from the solar panels to the inverter.
The inverter turns the direct-current (DC) electricity from the solar panels into alternating-current (AC) electricity that can power your home.
The net meter is your home’s electricity regulator and feeds electricity in and out of your home as needed. When the sun goes down, your net meter powers your home from the electric grid. On bright days when your panels generate more electricity than you need, your net meter routes that extra energy back to the grid.
The electric grid is an interconnected network of local power plants, transmission lines, demand centers, and distribution lines that connect local power plants to consumers.